Kenya is a country of wildlife, landscapes, lakes, tropical coastline, culture, history and friendly welcoming people. Kenya has geographical diversity from snow-capped peaks, a Rift Valley with extinct volcanoes and hot springs, wide open plains, forest and coastline with reefs and magnificent beaches. Kenya tourism is well developed with hotels, lodges, campsites an efficient transport system and lots of activities make Kenya holidays a popular choice.
Most Kenya holidays will start at the capital of Kenya in Nairobi or the coastal city of Mombassa. Other major towns are Nakuru in the centre and Kisumu in the west on the shores of Lake Victoria.
The Kenya coast is hot and humid all year round and consists of beaches, coral cliffs and reefs, creeks and coral islands. The area between the coast and Nairobi is dry and arid and climbs up to the higher lands that start in Nairobi.
Kenya has a land area of just over 500,000 square kilometres which is about the size of France. The equator cuts through the middle. To the east is the Indian ocean, to the south Tanzania and Uganda in the west. The north borders Somalia, Ethiopia and Sudan.
The Rift valley runs the length of the country from Lake Turkana to Lake Natron on the border with Tanzania.
The Rift Valley has a series of lakes, arid and rugged landscapes and volcanic landforms and in areas active hot springs and geothermal activity. The land above the Rift Valley in Central Kenya is over 1,500 metres which creates a pleasant climate.
In the centre is Mount Kenya the second highest mountain in Africa and in Tanzania but on the border is Kilimanjaro the highest mountain in Africa. Good views of Kilimanjaro can be seen from Amboseli national park.
The north of Kenya is a large desert and home to nomadic tribes. The gateway is Marala and Marsabit an oasis in the middle of the desert. The Kenyan coast has many beaches, coral reefs, creeks and coral islands. The coastal strip is largely flat and then rises inland into rolling hills.